Alles schon dagewesen!

"(.....)every technique tends to be checked by these social divisions. These obstacles disappeared at the time of the French Revolution, in 1789. With the disappearance of religious and social taboos carne the creation of new religions, the affirmation of philosophiC materialism, the suppression of the various hierarchies, regiCide, and the struggle against the clergy. These factors acted powerfully The Technological Society ( 5 1 upon the popular consciousness and contributed to the collapse of the belief in these taboos. At the same time ( and this is the second factor which made for the plasticity of the social milieu ) a systematic campaign was waged against all natural groups, under the guise of a defense of the rights of the individual; for example, the guilds, the communes, and federalism were attacked, this last by the Girondists. There were movements against the religiOUS orders and against the privileges of Parliament, the Universities, and the Hospitalers. There was to be no liberty of groups, only that of the individual. There was likewise a struggle to undermine the family. Revolutionary legislation promoted its disintegration; it had already been shaken by the philosophy and the fervors of the eighteenth century. Revolutionary laws governing divorce, inheritance, and paternal authority were disastrous for the family unit, to the benefit of the individual. And these effects were permanent, in spite of temporary setbacks. Society was already atomized and would be atomized more and more. The individual remained the sole SOciological unit, but, far from assuring him freedom, this fact provoked the worst kind of slavery. The atomization we have been discussing conferred on society the greatest possible plasticity-a decisive condition for technique. The breakup of social groups engendered the enonnous displacement of people at the beginning of the (.....)"

aus Jacques Ellul "The Technological Society", 1954