How to write an effective essay conclusion
There is no matter which type of an essay you are writing, whether it is a gender equality essay or a polution essay, you have to end it with an effective conclusion. Here is how you can do this:
Use a basic synthesis of the information. The most basic conclusion is the closing of the summary, which is very similar to the introduction of the report.
- Since this type of conclusion is very basic, it is vital that you synthesize the information, rather than just summarize it.
- Instead of just repeating what you've already said, paraphrase the thesis and the supporting points in a way that links them.
- By doing so, you will make your research report look like a “whole thought,” rather than a collection of random and loosely related ideas.
Restate the same ideas from the beginning. Link all the sections of your research report by directly linking the introduction to the conclusion. There are many ways of doing it.
- Ask a question in the introduction. Rephrase the question in the conclusion and provide a direct answer.
- Write an anecdote or story in the introduction, but don't tell how it ends. Instead, tell the end of the anecdote at the conclusion of the report.
- For example, if you want to be more creative and take a more human spin on your TB report, you can start the introduction with a story about a person who has the disease and you can refer to the story in the conclusion. For example, before restatement of your thesis in conclusion, you can say something like: "Patient X was unable to complete treatment for tuberculosis due to serious side effects and unfortunately succumbed to the disease."
- Use, in the conclusion, the same concepts and images that you used in the introduction. The images may or may not appear elsewhere in the investigation report.
Close with a logical opinion. If your research report presented multiple perspectives on an issue, use the conclusion to form a logical opinion based on the evidence you provided.
- Include enough information about the topic to support your statement, but don't overdo it.
- If the research did not allow you to arrive at a clear answer to the question you asked in the thesis, do not be afraid to indicate it.
- Restate the initial hypothesis and indicate if you still consider it valid or if your research has started to change your mind.
- It indicates that there is likely an answer and that further investigation could shed light on the issue at hand.
Ask a question. Instead of telling the reader the conclusion, have them formulate their own conclusion.
- This may not be appropriate for all types of investigative reports. Most research reports, such as one on effective treatments for diseases, will already have the information necessary to justify a particular argument.
- A good example of a report that might ask the reader a question at the end is one that addresses a social problem, such as poverty or government policies.
- Ask a question that leads directly to the purpose or objective of the report. This question is usually the same (or a version of it) that you asked yourself when you started the investigation.
- Make sure the question can be answered with the evidence presented in your report.
- If you wish, you can briefly summarize the answer after asking the question. However, you can also leave the question unanswered for the reader to answer.
Make a suggestion. If you are including a request for contribution in the conclusion, you can provide the reader with a recommendation on how to proceed with further research.
- You can make a recommendation to the reader even without making a contribution request.
- For example, if you are writing about a topic such as poverty in third world countries, the reader can help with this problem in many ways, and it is not necessary to ask for further research.
- Another example is a report on drug immune tuberculosis treatment, in which you may suggest making a donation to the World Health Organization or to research foundations that are developing new treatments for the disease.